Influence on health and socio-economic effects of disease incidence of chickenpox in the Republic of Moldova (Sofronie V. Negara S.С.)
Nicolae Testemițanu State University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Kishinev, Republic of Moldova
Corresponding author (vasile.sofronie[at]usmf.md)
The article contains epidemiological analysis of the incidence of chickenpox in the Republic of Moldova from 1985 to
2017. It is a longitudinal descriptive retrospective study. The results of the study showed that long-term incidence of chicken
pox from 2003 to 2016 had a pronounced upward trend in the Republic of Moldova. 60.19% of the respondents had
chickenpox in light form, and 39.18% of patients had chickenpox of medium severity. 44.17% of hospitalized patients had
chickenpox of medium severity, 25.77% of patients had a moderately severe chickenpox in association with other diseases,
9.20%, and 20.86% of patients had severe chickenpox in association with other diseases.
The average cost per patient for outpatient chickenpox treatment is $ 51.1. The average cost of treating one patient
hospitalized with chickenpox is $ 150.15. The average cost of treating one patient with chickenpox is $ 100.63.
The expenses connected with a lethal case comprise $ 167407.74. The costs associated with the purchase of Varivax
mono-vaccine comprise $ 743997.49 which is 1.64 times lower than the annual costs associated with the incidence of
chickenpox in the Republic of Moldova, which is $ 1222407.15. As for the costs associated with the acquisition of the
ProQuad combination vaccine, which is $474476.68, they are 2.58 times less than the annual losses associated with the
incidence of chickenpox.
The highest costs/losses per capita as a result of the incidence of chickenpox are recorded in Bălți – $ 2.5, and the
costs/expenses per capita for vaccinating children from 1 year of age in Bălți are 13.43 times less and comprise $ 0.19.
Keywords: chicken pox, retrospective study, morbidity, socio-economic impact, cost of vaccination.
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